DIRECT

INSTRUCTION

What is it?

The Glossary of Educational Reform defines it as: 

 

1) instructional approaches that are structured, sequenced, and led by teachers, and/or

 

(2) the presentation of academic content to students by teachers, such as in a lecture or demonstration.

 

In short, teachers are “directing” the instructional process or instruction is being “directed” at students.

 

Some of the Characteristics of direct instruction are as follows:

 

Created by the teacher

 

Teacher led

 

Mostly used to teach skills/can be used to teach ideas

 

Is prepared ahead of time and usually scripted

 

Is linked to prior learning

 

Standards and outcomes are stated in the class

 

Requires interaction of students in class

 

Provides feedback to the students

 

Allows students to practice and builds off of last class


Allows for immediate feed back

 

Direct instruction evolved from Behaviorism which is a theory based on the assumption that students/humans are products of environment; therefore they will mimic what is seen. (Skinner)

Advantages

Resources

Student academic development can be measured easily.

 

It can be a way to create good classroom management. 

 

Great for students who are visual because it allows them to see what the teacher is saying.

 

 

 

Disdvantages

Instruction is teacher centric. Limited communication from students.

 

There is little room for the teacher to be creative.

 

 

Only works with some populations of students.